Initially, birch for the Slavs was almost a sacred tree. And now, it is believed that the Russian people where he lives, there is bound to be a birch. In addition, a tree a lot of useful features. All them people enjoyed to the fullest. It has been used birch wood in construction, as well as the creation of furniture and manufacture of various crafts.
Where to use birch wood
Color birch is the lightest of all. Usually it is white with a yellow tinge. Heart-shaped rays are visible at a radial split. They usually shiny and short. Texture homogeneous and fine. However, it is well cut.
However, there are specific measures for the safety of the product shape. Thus, dried birch necessarily to impregnate with vegetable oils. This will help keep the product longer.
Physical indicators birch indicate that it is rather fragile material, which is subject to change under the influence of moisture. That is why birch is rarely used for walls, construction of solid birch flooring withdrawn role.
In the applied arts from the various products it made, however, only a small form. Maximum use of birch wood is possible with its cut, then by pressing sawdust make plywood. Birch also used in the manufacture of skis, handles of knives and ax handles.
Products and forgery
The softness of the birch is used by all the masters of arts and crafts. Dried timber of any shape good fine tuning and then using the cutter cut out the whole panel. Thereafter, the finished product is dipped into the hot oil and kept there for at least 4-5 hours.
It is actively used in the creation of handicrafts and bark. Birch bark is removed from a fallen tree in late spring. At this time, the inside of her (she is considered to be the masters of the front) has a golden hue. Birch bark is dried in a natural way, it is possible under the pressure, and then, if necessary, delaminated.
Thick bark is used to create flat handicrafts and thinner bark is for the manufacture of bulk products such as tuesa. These crafts are usually durable and it have amazing properties. For example, the bark tues able to store the milk for a long time, and the temperature at which it is poured there.
Guest artists working with wood increasingly positive. From birch is easy to do crafts for the kitchen. They get a nice, if bleach birch, the product goes even aged. Irregularities after the knife is easy to fix by changing the product drawing. I try to, I had always supply birch for handicrafts.
Work with birch easily obtained products beautiful and proper drying will be long-lasting. This wood is great for beginners. All crafts are also a special aura.
Gluing pieces of birch in one common piece called shield. Usually used for this wood waste.
Their use, and accordingly, production due thick.
Enough thin panels are used only for inserts in the bulk of the furniture. More durable panels are used to create decorative surfaces. Sheets are used for seat-backs, the last pressing a special way in the metal forms.
Furniture from birch
Given that birch is highly susceptible suppuration, often in creating furniture it can be used as the basis for or as plywood for decorating artefacts or soft wood products. At the same time to create a veneer, you can use any type of wood of birch, you only need it to be dry and free from diseases.
Of different thickness of plywood make almost all the furniture middle price category. It can be:
Knitting or any other wall.
Cabinets, drawers, doors.
Better plywood allows to produce quite a strong design that without contact with moisture can last for quite a number of years. Although this term is still not comparable to the years of operation of wooden products.
But the production of decorative plates on the furniture is preferable to use wood of Karelian birch (it is the most robust). There is also another valuable property of the birch – the ability to make good any color, which allows using birch wood to create a simulation of products from the more expensive types of wood.
Several correct processing steps, as well as following a special drying techniques can significantly strengthen the structure of the array of birch. This tree has antibacterial properties, which together with the recognized positive aura, give the opportunity to make the most of birch different furniture.
The smooth texture of birch, its good natural color make it possible to use an array without painting, but only with the application of a protective layer. Sometimes birch wood vybelivayut, emphasizing thus its interesting texture. If an array of paint, it can simulate various types of wood.
For the manufacture of various products and good furniture used Karelian birch. It is believed that the bed made of solid wood that will last at least 30 years, and set, for example, for a child’s room even more. Other types it may also find use as an array, but then the lifetime of such furniture will not exceed 10-12 years.
Sergey from Tomsk at furniture manufacturing specialist, says that the birch is possible to do an expensive and high-quality products: from birch make the board itself, dried them, and then used in the manufacture of furniture walls. Products produced beautiful, their cost many times less expensive than the other array, and strength enough acceptable.
Tree with proper treatment eliminates all its disadvantages and can be made expensive enough of its array of beautiful and durable furniture as well as doors, tables, chests and a ladder.
The density of birch wood 650 kg / m3 at a hardness of 2.6. This means that it is quite difficult to saw. After sawing birch timber can rot rapidly in a moist environment. However, veneer plywood strong obtained which can be used for years as structural parts for furniture. Made from birch lumber and flooring.
Birch edged boards are made as well as most others. However, they are dried for a long time. A minimum of 10 days, a maximum of more than 3 weeks. During this time, 12% moisture content to be achieved. Traditionally, the best board of Karelian birch. Of them make expensive furniture and flooring.
Edged board from birch wood are recommended for use as the top of underfloor heating. Given that even after drying the boards in a high humidity environment can change its shape, score 4.
Cutting board, oshlifovannuyu and covered with lacquer, it is best to fasten to the wooden sleepers on the screws. This floor can be used as in a classical setting, and the modern. For the latter, great and flooring.
Such a floor covering made of birch wood, belongs to the category of elite. He did not birch veneer, but because of its array. This allows you to preserve the unique Karelian texture. Most often, such a parquet do not paint, varnish and autopsied.
Reviews of the floor of beerzy always good. Andrew from Ufa believes that birch flooring the most viable option for flooring. For wenge style in the living choose to buy floorboard light color. We chose birch, whitewashed. Very satisfied. The floors expand the space, increasing the size of the room. No special conditions for their operation are not required.
Laminated birch can be completely different color. However, the third part of the lumber sure the tree. Such a laminate is not too high value, and its quality characteristics when the top layer to be sufficiently high.
The wood of Karelian birch veneer for the manufacture of pre-soaked. Then the finished weight placed under the press. Thus, the veneer leaves all moisture, and the material becomes uniform and fairly strong. Most appreciated the process of peeling wood. So, shelled birch shows a special pattern. Such a pearl veneer patterns in creamy pink.
In a country that is rich in natural birch plantations, used only 10% of the felled tree. Enough most of the sale in the form of round wood outside while the process of birch wood are only now beginning in the Lower Angara region.
From it you can do:
While this production is not put on a stream and Russia still it is the only supplier of wood raw material. Thus, the country units laminate manufacturers, including based on birch wood.
Drying of wood
There are several modes of drying. How to dry birch depends on what size you need to get the product or timber. The processing time depends not only on the drying process, but also on the thickness of the wood. The denser it is, the longer it will dry. The minimum period of drying birch wood with gently five and a half days. Maximum – 3 weeks.
It can be quite strong, and yet it is easy to change color, has a wonderful texture and its natural shade. If properly processed birch wood, it is possible to achieve a significant increase in its service life compared to other breeds.